The 1982–83 Football League season was Birmingham City Football Club's 80th in the Football League and their 48th in the First Division. After five wins and a draw from the last six league games, and needing to win their last game, away at Southampton, to ensure safety, they finished in 17th position in the 22-team division. They entered the 1982–83 FA Cup in the third round proper and lost to Crystal Palace in the fourth, and were eliminated by Burnley in the fourth round of the League Cup.
Thirty players appeared in at least one first-team game, and Noel Blake made most appearances, with 44 of the possible 49. There were 19 different goalscorers; Mick Ferguson was the club's leading scorer with eight goals, all scored in the league.